10 Facts About Earthquakes


Most earthquakes happen along the edges of Earth's big plates. 4 out of 5 of the world's earthquakes take place along the rim of the Pacific Ocean, a zone called the Pacific Ring of Fire. Here are some more facts about earthquakes that you should know.

Earthquakes kill approximately 8,000 people each year and have caused an estimated 13 million deaths in the past 4,000 years.

The Indian Ocean earthquake in 2004 generated enough energy to power all the homes and businesses in the United States for three days.

An average earthquake lasts around a minute.

Large earthquakes can have aftershocks that last for years.

Parkfield, California, is known as “The Earthquake Capital of the World.”

An earthquake in A.D. 1201 in the eastern Mediterranean is labeled the worst earthquake in history and claimed an estimated one million lives

An earthquake can release hundreds times more energy than the nuclear bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima in Japan in 1945.

The San Andreas Fault is moving about 2 inches a year, about the same rate fingernails grow. At this rate, San Francisco and Los Angeles will be next to each other in 15 million years.

Japan is one of the most earthquake-prone nations in the world. Thousands of earthquakes occur in Japan every year, but most of them are very weak.

The devastating 2011 earthquake in Japan created a massive 186-mile long and 93 mile wide rift 15 miles under the ocean.